[1] Australian War Memorial, Deaths as a Result of Service with Australian Units, accessed 5/10/15.

[2] K.S. Inglis, “Conscription in Peace and War, 1911-1945” in Forward, Roy & Reece, Bob (eds.), Conscription in Australia, University of Queensland Press, 1968, pp.33-34.

[3] L.C.Jauncey, The Story of Conscription in Australia, Macmillan, South Melbourne, 1968, pp.192-193; Bobbie Oliver, Peacemongers, Fremantle Arts Centre Press, South Fremantle, 1997, pp.38-39.

[4] Ibid.

[5] Ibid., p.37.

[6] F.B. Smith, The Conscription Plebiscites in Australia, 1916-17, History Teachers Association of Victoria, North Melbourne (5th edn.), 1981, p.11

[7] K.S, Inglis, op.cit., pp.41-42.

[8] L.C. Jauncey, op.cit., p.266.

[9]F.B. Smith, op.cit., p.11.

[10] Jauncey, op.cit.p.266.

[11] Inglis, op.cit., p.38.

[12] Ibid., p.43.; David Day, John Curtin: A Life, Harper Perennial, Sydney, 2006, pp.256-259.

[13] Bertha Walker, Solidarity Forever, National Press, Melbourne, electronic edition, 2012,, p.121-122.

[14] Inglis, op.cit., pp.27-28.

[15] Bobbie Oliver, Peacemongers, Fremantle Arts Centre Press, South Fremantle, 1997, pp.19-21.

[16] Ibid.

[17] Ibid.

[18] Verity Burgmann, “Syndicalist and Socialist Anti-Militarism 1911-1918: How the Radical Flank Helped Defeat Conscription” in Phillip Deery and Julie Kimber (eds.), Fighting Against War: Peace Activism in the Twentieth Century, Leftbank Press, Melbourne, 2015, pp.55-57.

[19] J.M. Main, Conscription: the Australian Debate, 1901-1970, Cassell, North Melbourne, 1970, p.70.

[20] E.J. Holloway, The Australian Victory Over Conscription in 1916-17, Anti-Conscription Jubilee Committee, Carlton, 1966, p.4.

[21] Ibid.

[22] Ibid., p.6.

[23] Ibid., pp.8-10.

[24] Ibid.

[25] Ibid., p.10.

[26] Verna Coleman, Adela Pankhurst: The Wayward Suffragette 1885-1961, Melbourne University Press, 1996, pp.69-85.

[27] Jauncey, op.cit.,p.201.

[28] Walker, op.cit., p.129.

[29] Ian Turner, Sydney’s Burning, Heinemann, Adelaide, 1967.

[30] Ibid., p.196.

[31] Burgmann, op.cit., pp.56-59.

[32] Ibid. p.59.

[33] Ibid., p.67.

[34] Ibid., p.72.

[35] Jeff Sparrow, Communism: a Love Story, Melbourne University Press, 2007, pp.24-25, 41-43, 82-88.

[36] Holloway, op.cit., p.14.

[37] Ibid.

[38] Smith, op.cit., p.16.

[39] Ibid.

[40] Walker, op.cit., p.142.